Merle Haggard Quote„Cântecele country sunt visurile omului truditor”, spunea Merle Haggard, iar visurile sale nu pot fi decât cele ale mundanităţii: familie, casă/fermă, iubiri sfărâmate ori, dimpotrivă, împlinite, bătăi în baruri dubioase (honky-tonks), muncă, boală şi suferinţă, mici bucurii cotidiene, trucks şi semi-trucks, băute, puşcărie, părinţi, rodeos, dame de-o noapte dar şi femei virtuoase, barn dances, mândrie locală, homecoming queens, balansoar pe prispa casei, escapade în Mexic, prieteni care la nevoie se cunosc şi, peste toate desigur, Dumnezeu şi „God bless America”. Nu există „joc secund” în muzica country, nu există transcendenţă. Nu există erezie, nici confuzie axiologică. La fel cum vocile, instrumentele, hainele, părul, apariţia scenică trebuie să respecte un standard pentru a fi „country” (ce ar fi un solist fără cowboy hat and boots?), la fel tematica cântecelor, aparent foarte diversă, se reduce la un set de valori clare şi imuabile: Dumnezeu, Ţară, libertate, responsabilităţi faţă de familie şi comunitate, plăceri simple şi moderate (cu ocazionale machisme de vineri seara – zi de salariu, se înţelege – în barurile locale), heterosexualitate (Brokeback Mountain, ce blasfemie!), stil de viaţă sănătos, încredere în viitor, siguranţă de sine, cunoaştere nativă a diferenţei dintre bine şi rău, xenofobie, lipsă de interes faţă de alte limbi şi alte culturi, credinţa (acum nerostită) în superioritatea rasei albe, anglo-saxone şi protestante.
Există o serie de mituri şi prejudecăţi privitoare la muzica country, începând cu geneza acesteia şi sfârşind cu paleta subgenurilor sale, discutate în cărţi şi articole de specialitate. De pildă, nu este corectă asimilarea muzicii country cu cea populară, deşi, cel puţin iniţial, s-a inspirat din repertoriul anglo-celtic, gospel, folk-ul specific munţilor Apalaşi, ba chiar, pentru o perioadă, din blues, swing şi jazz (iar în prezent din pop, rock, soul şi, mai greu de digerat, rap şi punk).
Grand Ole OpryPărintele muzicii country este considerat Jimmy Rodgers (1897-1933), care, la începutul anilor ’20, a compus şi interpretat o serie de cântece, unele devenite ulterior evergreens ale genului, combinând influenţe folk, hillbilly, gospel, jazz urban, blues, pop, cowboy, deşi prima înregistrare ce poate fi considerată drept „country” îi aparţine unui „scripcar” (fiddlist) pe nume A. C. (Eck) Robertson, în 1922.
O varietate Texas-style a muzicii country, mai ritmată, a primit denumirea de country & western (actualmente, Texas country), în timp ce o alta, predominant orchestrală (chitară, vioară, banjo, mandolină, contrabas şi, opţional, muzicuţă, acordeon, steel guitar), foarte apreciată în Kentucky, Tennessee şi Carolina de Nord, a ajuns să fie cunoscută ca bluegrass (după nuanţa căpătată în amurg de iarbă în Kentucky şi Tennessee, la serbările câmpeneşti). Actualmente, se consideră a fi alt.country („country alternativ”) tot ceea ce nu este recunoscut drept mainstream country (adică un fel de „salon al refuzaţilor”).

Un fapt interesant este acela că Nashville a devenit hub-ul muzicii country abia la… a patra încercare, după Atlanta, Chicago şi Los Angeles. „Music City U.S.A.” îşi datorează faima în primul rând unei staţii de radio locale (WSM) care a investit substanţial atât în construirea unui emiţător puternic, cât şi în organizarea şi transmiterea unor spectacole dedicate muzicii country (WSM Barn Dance, devenită ulterior Grand Ole Opry).
Ryman AuditoriumDeşi din 1925 (anul intrării în emisie a staţiei WSM) şi până în prezent muzica country a traversat perioade stilistice diverse – hillbilly boogie (anii ’40-’50), rockabilly (Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash), countrypolitan (Tammy Wynette şi Charlie Rich), Bakersfield Sound (chitare electrice şi amplificatoare de sunet à la Merle Haggard), country soul (Ray Charles), country rock (The Eagles), outlaw country (Willie Nelson şi Waylon Jennings), country pop (Olivia Newton-John), urban country/neocountry (stil popularizat în 1980 de filmul Urban Cowboys), ba chiar şi-a schimbat şi titulatura de câteva ori (de la „hillbilly music” şi „folk songs and blues” la „country and western” şi „country”), ea a rămas, cel puţin în Statele Unite, Canada britanică şi Australia, extrem de populară. Dacă redneck-ul modern a trecut de la truck la SUV şi de la honky-tonk la gentlemen’s club, la fel a făcut şi muzica country contemporană. Astăzi, mai mult ca niciodată, latura sa comercială primează, cu spectacole flamboaiante (gen Garth Brooks) şi televiziuni după şablonul MTV (Country Music Television, Great American Country), cu bărbaţi zdraveni, hormonali, descheiaţi la cămaşă şi un pic neraşi, însă cu feţe adumbrite de pălării, dar şi cu doamne ori domnişoare vânjoase, emanând fertilitate, îmbrăcate în rochii vaporoase şi purtând ciocate, cu păr bogat şi cârlionţat săltând pe umeri mai ceva ca în reclamele la şampoanele de firmă. Deşi s-ar dori politically correct şi cultural crossover, adevărul este că muzica country continuă să fie expresia acelei Southern midtown Americi albe, baptiste şi conservatoare (în ciuda unui Cowboy Troy de coloratură), la fel cum hip-hop-ul, de pildă, nu poate fi imaginat în afara ghetourilor şi cartierelor periferice populate de afroamericani.
Ce vă propun, dragi prieteni, este o selecţie de muzică country pe gustul meu, rezumată aproape exclusiv la subgenurile pop şi rock actuale, fără pretenţii de artă în genere, dar care merge de minune cu un Budweiser rece şi un cârnat la grătar ori cu un driving la drumul mare, pe minunatele autostrăzi ale patriei.
Sau, de ce nu, cu toate laolaltă.
Enjoy!

Budweiser Label

Referinţe:
K. Wolff şi O. Duane (2000). Country music: The rough guide. London: Rough Guides.
http://www.cmt.com/
http://www.roughstock.com/history/
http://www.cowboylyrics.com/lyrics/

Merle Haggard: Okie from Muskogee

We don’t smoke marijuana in Muskogee;
We don’t take our trips on LSD
We don’t burn our draft cards down on Main Street;
We like livin’ right, and bein’ free.

 

I’m proud to be an Okie from Muskogee,
A place where even squares can have a ball
We still wave Old Glory down at the courthouse,
And white lightnin’s still the biggest thrill of all

We don’t make a party out of lovin’;
We like holdin’ hands and pitchin’ woo;
We don’t let our hair grow long and shaggy,
Like the hippies out in San Francisco do.

And I’m proud to be an Okie from Muskogee,
A place where even squares can have a ball.
We still wave Old Glory down at the courthouse,
And white lightnin’s still the biggest thrill of all.

Leather boots are still in style for manly footwear;
Beads and Roman sandals won’t be seen.
Football’s still the roughest thing on campus,
And the kids here still respect the college dean.

We still wave Old Glory down at the courthouse,
In Muskogee, Oklahoma, USA!

Country Video Playlist

Hank Williams, Jr.: Country State Of Mind


Lady Antebellum: Need You Now

Alan Jackson: A Woman’s Love


Brooks & Dunn: Play Something Country


Toby Keith: As Good As I Once Was


Taylor Swift: Teardrops On My Guitar


Kenny Chesney: Who You’d Be Today


Alison Krauss & The Union Station: When You Say Nothing At All


Buddy Jewell: Sweet Southern Comfort


Little Big Town: Boondocks


Montgomery Gentry: Gone


Rascal Flatts: Fast Cars And Freedom


Billy Currington: Good Directions


John Anderson: Straight Tequila Night


Roger Miller: King Of The Road


John Denver: Take Me Home, Country Roads


Jo Dee Messina: Heads Carolina, Tails California


Tim McGraw: Watch The Wind Blow By


Billy Ray & Miley Cyrus: Ready, Set, Don’t Go


Montgomery Gentry: Speed


Rascal Flatts: Winner At A Losing Game


Trace Adkins: Honky Tonk Badonkadonk


Blake Shelton: Goodbye Time


Lee Ann Womack: Last Call


The Lost Trailers: Holler Back


Kid Rock: All Summer Long


Chris Young: Gettin’ You Home (Black Dress)

Country Playlist

Buddy Jewell: Sweet Southern Comfort

Roger Miller: King Of The Road

Toby Keith: As Good As I Once Was

Blake Shelton: Austin

Little Big Town: Boondocks

Montgomery Gentry: Gone

Kenny Chesney: Who You’d Be Today

Trace Adkins: Honky Tonk Badonkadonk

Brooks & Dunn: Play Something Country

Rascal Flatts: Fast Cars And Freedom

John Anderson: Straight Tequila Night

Cross Canadian Ragweed: Broken

Lee Ann Womack: Last Call

Trace Adkins: (This Ain’t) No Thinkin’ Thing

Martina McBride: Where Would You Be

Billy Currington: Good Directions

Shooter Jennings: Gone To Carolina

Jo Dee Messina: Heads Carolina, Tails California

Tim McGraw: Watch The Wind Blow By

Gary Allan: See If I Care

Rascal Flatts: Winner At A Losing Game

Garth Brooks: Friends In Low Places

Pat Green: Wave On Wave

Vince Gill: Don’t Let Our Love Start Slippin’ Away

John Denver: Take Me Home, Country Roads

Alison Krauss & Union Station: The Boy Who Wouldn’t Hoe Corn

Gary Allan: She’s So California

Sara Evans: Suds In The Bucket

Taylor Swift: Teardrops On My Guitar

Billy Ray & Miley Cyrus: Ready, Set, Don’t Go

Miranda Lambert: Kerosene

Kenny Chesney: Don’t Happen Twice

Carrie Underwood: Before He Cheats

Tim McGraw: When The Stars Go Blue

Lee Ann Womack & Willie Nelson: Mendocino County Line

George Strait: Run

Lonestar: Everything’s Changed

Alan Jackson: Drive

Sugarland: Baby Girl

Kenny Chesney: How Forever Feels

Eli Young Band: Always The Love Songs

Tim McGraw: Everywhere

Dwight Yoakam: The Back Of Your Hand

Alison Krauss & Union Station: I Am A Man Of Constant Sorrow

Lonestar: Come Cryin’ To Me

The Lost Trailers: Holler Back

Willie Nelson: Crazy

Jeff Bates: Long, Slow Kisses

Little Big Town: Bring It On Home

Shooter Jennings: Put The ’O’ Back In Country

Montgomery Gentry: Daddy Won’t Sell The Farm

Randy Travis: Forever And Ever Amen

Trace Adkins: Every Light In The House Is On

George Strait: Troubadour

Kenny Rogers: The Gambler

Billy Currington: Must Be Doin’ Somethin’ Right

The Eagles: Take It Easy

Alan Jackson ft. Jimmy Buffett: It’s Five O’Clock Somewhere

Toby Keith: Should’ve Been A Cowboy

Johnny Cash: Folsom Prison Break

Keith Anderson: XXL

Alabama: Sad Lookin’ Moon

Tim McGraw: Red Ragtop

Jason Aldean: Hicktown

Shooter Jennings: 4th Of July

George Strait: She’ll Leave You With A Smile

Lee Ann Womack: Why They Call It Falling

Toby Keith: I’m Just Talking About Tonight

Kid Rock: All Summer Long

Dixie Chicks: Godspeed (Sweet Dreams)

Vince Gill: Tryin’ To Get Over You

Merle Haggard: Okie From Muskogee

Sugarland: Stand Back Up

Gary Allan: Man To Man

Brooks & Dunn: South Of Santa Fe

John Anderson: Swingin’

Tim McGraw: Something Like That

Lonestar: Amazed

Keith Urban: Making Memories Of Us

Alison Krauss & Union Station: New Favorite

Rascal Flatts: What Hurts The Most

Brad Paisley: Mud On The Tires

Little Big Town: Lost

Zac Brown Band: Chicken Fried

Brooks & Dunn: Red Dirt Road

Toby Keith: My List

LeAnn Rimes: I Need You

Van Zant: Help Somebody

Darius Rucker: It Won’t Be Like This For Long

Sara Evans: A Real Place To Start

Confederate Railroad: When You Leave That Way You Can Never Go Back

Tim McGraw & Faith Hill: Like We Never Loved At All

Alan Jackson: Where I Come From

George Strait: Carrying Your Love With Me

Tracy Lawrence: Find Out Who Your Friends Are

Brad Paisley: She’s Everything

Johnny Lee: Lookin’ For Love

Rascal Flatts: Here

Brooks & Dunn: Believe

Trace Adkins: Songs About Me

Kenny Chesney: Like Me

Willie Nelson: Always On My Mind

Alabama: Dancin’, Shaggin’ On The Boulevard

Jo Dee Messina: Bye-Bye

Toby Keith: Big Blue Note

Gary Allan: Lovin’ You Against My Will

Jason Aldean: Why

Montgomery Gentry: Hell Yeah

Conway Twitty: Slow Hand

Kid Rock &/ Sheryl Crow: Picture

Alan Jackson: Tall Tall Trees

Sugarland: Something More

David Frizzell & Shelly West: You’re The Reason God Made Oklahoma

Garth Brooks: What She’s Doing Now

John Anderson: Seminole Wind

George Strait: The Chair

Sugarland: Just Might (Make Me Believe)

Faith Hill: The Lucky One

Alan Jackson: Chattahoochee

Tim McGraw: Where The Green Grass Grows

Dixie Chicks: Wide Open Spaces

Keith Urban: You’Re My Better Half

Merle Haggard: I Think I’ll Just Stay Here And Drink

Sugarland: Something More

Gretchen Wilson: Homewrecker

Toby Keith: Hell No

Brooks & Dunn: The Long Goodbye

Dierks Bentley: Settle For A Slowdown

Willie Nelson: On The Road Again

Jimmy Buffett: Margaritaville

Charlie Rich: Behind Closed Doors

Reba McEntire: Whoever’s In New England

Gary Allan: What Kind Of Fool

Alabama: When It All Goes South

Rascal Flatts: Me And My Gang

The Eagles: Lyin’ Eyes

Dwight Yoakam: A Thousand Miles From Nowhere

Toby Keith: Knock Yourself Out

Blake Shelton: Goodbye Time

Josh Turner: Long Black Train

Tim McGraw: Not A Moment Too Soon

Emerson Drive: I Should Be Sleeping

Montgomery Gentry: She Couldn’t Change Me

Cross Canadian Ragweed: Brooklyn Kid

Toby Keith: A Little Too Late

Hank Williams, Jr.: All My Rowdy Friends

George Strait: I Hate Everything

Toby Keith: Where You Gonna Go

Alison Krauss & Union Station: When You Say Nothing At All

Lee Ann Womack: I Hope You Dance

Garth Brooks: Allison Miranda

John Anderson: Wish I Could Have Been There

Diamond Rio: Beautiful Mess

Alan Jackson: The Blues Man

Gary Allan: You Don’t Know A Thing About Me

Martina McBride: Broken Wing

Brooks & Dunn: My Maria

George Strait: Carried Away

Toby Keith: I Love This Bar

Faith Hill: Mississippi Girl

Tim McGraw: Just To See You Smile

Cross Canadian Ragweed: Constantly

Willie Nelson: Whiskey River

Billy Currington: Don’t

Keith Urban: Nobody Drinks Alone

Rascal Flatts: Ellsworth

Don Williams: Some Broken Hearts Never Mend

Brooks & Dunn: One More Roll Of The Dice

Doug Stone: In A Different Light

Brad Paisley: Little Moments

Montgomery Gentry: Speed

Carrie Underwood: Wasted

Sugarland: Tennessee

Alan Jackson: Remember When

Jennifer Hanson: Beautiful Goodbye

Gary Allan: Best I Ever Had

Tim McGraw: Grow Men Don’t Cry

John Anderson: Bend It ‘Til It Breaks

Lee Ann Womack: (Now You See Me) Now You Don’t

Craig Morgan: That’s What I Love About Sunday

Taylor Swift: White Horse

Alison Krauss & Union Station: Ghost In This House

George Strait: Go On

Kenny Rogers: Daytime Friends

Blake Shelton: Ol’ Red

Shooter Jennings: Lonesome Blues

Buddy Jewell: Help Pour Out The Rain

Kenny Chesney: She’s Got It All

Gretchen Wilson: Here For The Party

Alan Jackson: Dallas

Sugarland: Hello

Jo Dee Messina: You’re Not In Kansas Anymore

Rascal Flatts: Stand

Don Williams: If Hollywood Don’t Need You

Tim McGraw: Live Like You Were Dying

Dierks Bentley: What Was I Thinkin’?

Taylor Swift: Love Story

Lonestar: What About Now

Bob Seger: Against The Wind

Gary Allan: Life Ain’t Always Beautiful

Brooks & Dunn: Hillbilly Deluxe

Tim McGraw: She’s My Kind Of Rain

George Strait: One Night At A Time

Kenny Rogers: Coward Of The County

Brooks & Dunn: Ain’t Nothing ’Bout You

Lee Ann Womack: Ashes By Now

Montgomery Gentry: She Don’t Tell Me To

Alabama: High Cotton

Pat Green: Run

Sugarland: Time Time Time

Dixie Chicks: Landslide

Reba McEntire: Little Rock

Tammy Winette: Stand By Your Man

Alison Krauss & Union Station: Bright Sunny South

Rascal Flatts: Skin (Sarabeth)

Blake Shelton: Some Beach

Steve Miller Band: Dance Dance Dance

Martina McBride: Wild Angels

Alan Jackson: Little Bitty

Tim McGraw: My Old Friend

Willie Nelson: Night Life

Zac Brown: Whatever It Is

Toby Keith: American Ride

Carrie Underwood: Cowboy Casanova

Kenny Chesney: I’m Alive

Lady Antebellum: Need You Now

George Strait: Living For The Night (live)

Zac Brown Band: Toes

Carrie Underwood: Just A Dream

Alan Jackson: Sissy’s Song

Kelly Pickler: Didn’t You Know How Much I Loved You

Keith Urban: Only You Can Love Me This Way

Michelle Branch: Sooner Or Later

Chris Young: Gettin’ You Home (Black Dress)

Un răspuns to “Country State of Mind”

  1. Cristian Says:

    Q.E.D.

Lasă un răspuns

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